Archive for 2009

Lawmakers Leave Out Promise

by Published: Sep 23, 2009

$140 mil­lion for schol­ar­ships stricken from state budget

Katie Tibbe has already started the process of find­ing finan­cial aid for next year, as fund­ing for the Michigan Promise schol­ar­ships has been left out of the bud­get to be sent to the governor.

“I’ll have to take out more pri­vate loans to cover it,” said Tibbe, a junior in the Dental Hygiene pro­gram. Tibbe has been rely­ing on updates from Ferris’ finan­cial aid depart­ment to keep her updated on the sta­tus of her Promise schol­ar­ship. The Promise schol­ar­ship amounts to about $1,300 a year for Tibbe.

An esti­mated 96,000 stu­dents, like Tibbe, could be seek­ing alter­na­tive means to help pay for their higher education.

The bud­get, which before the pro­posed cuts from last week was $2.8 bil­lion, has been reduced to $1.8 bil­lion between the state House and Senate with the Promise schol­ar­ships total­ing $140 mil­lion being removed in full.

Federal stim­u­lus dol­lars are expected to fill in the rest of the state’s bud­get shortfall.

Megan Brown, a spokesper­son for Governor Jennifer Granholm, said there would be con­tin­ued work before the bud­get is offi­cially pre­sented to the gov­er­nor some­time this week.

The funds were cred­ited to stu­dent accounts, but not included in any disbursements.

“They were only awarded so stu­dents could see them as part of their finan­cial aid award,” said Director of Financial Aid at Ferris State University, Rob Wirt.

Ferris awarded over $1.8 mil­lion in Promise schol­ar­ships last year to 1,825 stu­dents in the 08–09 aca­d­e­mic year.

The com­pleted bud­get could poten­tially be vetoed by Governor Jennifer M. Granholm, at the risk of a gov­ern­ment shut down if a new res­o­lu­tion is not passed before Oct. 1 when the com­pleted bud­get is due. Sources close to the gov­er­nor said there is a lot at stake and the gov­er­nor con­tin­ues to sup­port the Michigan’s Promise schol­ar­ship program.


Grand Rapids Hosts International Art Exhibition

by Published: Sep 23, 2009

Jay Constantine and his wife Patricia are pro­fes­sors at Ferris’ Kendall College of Art and Design and just two of the artists com­pet­ing in ArtPrize.

“There is a real ben­e­fit to be able to show your work,” said Particia.

“There are quite a few stu­dents and fac­ulty in the com­pe­ti­tion,” said Sarah Joseph, direc­tor of exhi­bi­tions at KCAD. “We’re work­ing to put a com­plete list together,” she said.

Other fac­ulty entrants from Kendall include Deborah Rockman, Molly Alicki Corriveau and Darlene Kaczmarczyk.

ArtPrize, an art com­pe­ti­tion hosted through­out down­town Grand Rapids start­ing today and con­tin­u­ing through Oct. 10, is the prod­uct of Rick DeVos. Heir to Amway, the 27-year-old DeVos announced his plans for ArtPrize in April.

“It’s time to reboot the con­ver­sa­tion between artists and the pub­lic,” said DeVos in an April press release. “ArtPrize will be a cel­e­bra­tion of art, design, and inno­va­tion that will bring artists and the pub­lic together like never before,” said DeVos.

With pieces from 1,262 artists from 41 states and 15 coun­tries, ArtPrize could boast as much as a $250,000 prize to the win­ning artist. A total of $449,000 in cash prizes is expected to be awarded to win­ners selected by indi­vid­u­als pre-registered on the ArtPrize Web site, art​prize​.org. Registration must be com­pleted in per­son and vot­ers must be at least 16 years or older and have a valid photo ID.

The nearly half-million dol­lars in awards to the top 10 artists will be funded by The Dick & Betsy DeVos Family Foundation.

For more infor­ma­tion or to learn more about some of the entries and where they are on dis­play, visit art​prize​.org.


Patrol Horse Dies

by Published: Sep 23, 2009

Officer Jesse, beloved patrol horse for the Department of Public Safety (DPS), died Sept. 14, 2009 after suf­fer­ing a stroke.

Jesse, who was owned by Officer Erik Little, became ill in Feb. 2009 with an unknown dis­ease that caused intesti­nal dam­age. The 1,600-pound Percheron and Quarter-Draft horse lost 600 pounds dur­ing his illness.

With sev­eral months of med­ica­tions to heal the wounds to his intestines, Jesse regained a weight of 1,360 pounds, but had lost much of his mus­cle mass.

Although Jesse recov­ered in July and patrolled the rest of the sum­mer, he fell on Maple St. while Officer Little was rid­ing him a week before his death. Jesse and Officer Little sus­tained only minor injuries from the fall.

Before his fall, both Jesse and Officer Little had worked 81 hours in an eight-day period in 80-degree weather.

“Jesse had a long, hard week,” said Little. “The vet­eri­nar­ian believed the fall was one of many strokes Jesse endured before his death.”

Photo Courtesy of the Department of Public SafetyRecently deceased Department of Public Safety patrol horse, Officer Jesse, goes about his work with, Officer Erik Little.

Jesse became colic, a symp­tom of diges­tive issues, and exhib­ited neu­ro­log­i­cal dam­age and loss of bal­ance the morn­ing of his death. Jesse, 14 years old and in the prime of his life, was put down after sev­eral hours.

During his ill­ness, the city of Big Rapids accu­mu­lated $4000 for med­ical and gen­eral care fees. Carleen Rose, from the Old Pioneer Store and Emporium, headed the Jesse fund.

Jesse became a patrol horse in 2005, although Officer Little had intro­duced the idea to DPS in 1999. When gaso­line prices increased to $3.00 a gal­lon, DPS revis­ited the idea of a horse patrol.

“Jesse was an instant hit with every­one,” said Officer Little. “He was a good, strong horse who craved peo­ples’ attention.”

According to Little, Jesse saved DPS $58 per day for each patrol car. Horse patrol was more effi­cient for lower speed streets because the horse patrol­man was not bound by traf­fic rules.

“Routine traf­fic in a car would usu­ally take 8–10 min­utes,” said Little. “With Jesse, it only took 4–6 minutes.”

Little also said he could do more police work in two hours than most cops could do in an entire day in a patrol car.

Although Jesse is gone, Officer Little is train­ing another Draft-cross horse. Midnight’s Gentlemen Bob, or Bob for short, is expected to be ready for patrol in 2010.


A “Clunker” of a Plan

by Published: Sep 23, 2009

Cash for Clunkers tem­porar­ily helped the automak­ers, but did noth­ing for consumers

Though the recent “Cash for Clunkers” rebate incen­tive sounded like a great idea, it did not stim­u­late the American automak­ers or help consumers.

The incen­tive pro­gram, for­mally known as the Car Allowance Rebate System (CARS), was signed by President Obama on June 24 as a means to facil­i­tate car sales for Ford, General Motors, and Chrysler.

CARS was designed to allow peo­ple to save up to $4,500 toward the pur­chase of a new vehi­cle. However, there were many restric­tions and guide­lines for each type of vehi­cle being traded in and each type being sold.

The major issues with the so called “rebate” plan are not the cost of the vehi­cles them­selves, but the incurred costs that auto­mat­i­cally come with the pur­chase. The instant you drive a new car off the lot, it loses tremen­dous amount of value. A new vehi­cle depre­ci­ates as much as 35 per­cent of its value within the first two years off the lot.

One could argue that it worked great because they got a new car and saved money off of the total price. The prob­lem is that the pay­ments of a new car are obvi­ously more than the pay­ments for the clunker. Also, the buyer’s insur­ance pre­mi­ums will sky­rocket com­pared to what they were. Add it all up and peo­ple really did not save any money.

CARS required cus­tomers to trade-in their vehi­cles to be scrapped. Dealerships typ­i­cally offer much less for trade-ins than if some­one would have sold the vehi­cle them­selves. The rebate is given to off­set the trade-in, but the cus­tomer still takes a loss because he or she could have got­ten more for the vehi­cle by not trad­ing it in. The Obama admin­is­tra­tion may have been try­ing to help automak­ers and con­sumers, but the con­sumers were on the wrong end of that deal.

The pur­pose of CARS was to encour­age con­sumers to stim­u­late the econ­omy. However, the gov­ern­ment for­got to tell cus­tomers it was the United States econ­omy they were talk­ing about stim­u­lat­ing. A Sept. 2 arti­cle from Forbes​.com reported that 19 per­cent of vehi­cles pur­chased through the clunker pro­gram were Toyota mod­els. I am so glad the gov­ern­ment gave us a great sav­ings pro­gram so that we could help Japan sell cars in our country.

The arti­cle also stated that August was the high­est month of car sales nation­wide through the first eight months in 2009. Hyundai, Subaru and Kia all had increases of at least 47 per­cent over August of last year, while Ford had a 17 per­cent increase.

Congress allot­ted $3 bil­lion toward the pro­gram and when it ended on Aug. 24, it had used $2.87 bil­lion, accord­ing to CARS​.gov. The pro­gram was sched­uled to end Nov. 1 or until funds ran out. Since the gov­ern­ment knew that the funds would not last until then, they cut the pro­gram short.

I pur­chased a vehi­cle over the sum­mer while cash for clunk­ers was still avail­able, but I didn’t “take advan­tage” of the offer. I am all for being green and help­ing the envi­ron­ment, but CARS just didn’t seem to make sense to me. For now, I am per­fectly happy with my six-year-old, four-wheel drive that gets 18 miles to the gallon.


Home Cooking

by Published: Sep 23, 2009

Photo Courtesy of Ferris State University AthleticcsTaylor Crossman (#97) and Alex Best (#92) com­pete at the Ray Helsing Bulldog Invitational last Friday at FSU’s Katke Golf Course. 16 of the top 19 places were won by the men and women of the Ferris State cross coun­try team.

Both the men’s and women’s cross coun­try teams had strong per­for­mances at the lone home meet this season.

The women’s team took eight of the nine top indi­vid­ual places and the men’s team matched that pace by scor­ing eight of the top 10 run­ners in its meet.

“I feel pretty good about our effort today from both teams,” said Coach Steve Picucci, “It’s really early in the year, so I’m not really wor­ried about times; I’m more focused on effort at this point.”

Leading the women’s team was junior Tina Muir, who con­vinc­ingly won the women’s 5K event with a time of 18 min­utes, 4.74 seconds.

“Tina’s our num­ber one run­ner for our women, she really helps set the pace for the team,” said Picucci.

The women’s team had solid per­for­mances from its fresh­man run­ners. Anna Ruud placed sec­ond (18:49.39), Shelby Janutol came in third (19:35.90), Alyssa Osika cap­tured fourth (19:37.76), Jordan McGuire fin­ished sev­enth (20:24.66), and Felicia Peacock placed eighth (20:27.79).

“Our younger girls are really start­ing to run well right now,” said Picucci, “It really helps hav­ing them come in as fresh­man and mak­ing a dif­fer­ence for our team right now.”

The Bulldogs also had two juniors plac­ing in the top nine, with Paige Onweller plac­ing sixth (20:09.03) and Sarah Creed com­ing in ninth (20:30.54).

The men’s team claimed 10 of the top 13 fin­ishes in its 8K meet. The Bulldogs were lead by senior Curtis Begley, who fin­ished in sec­ond place (26:24.59). Sophomore Tyler Crossman fol­lowed with a third place fin­ish (27:10.31).

Junior Alex Best placed fifth (27:27.33), junior Derek Childs came in sixth (27:51.65), sopho­more Steve Neshkoff fol­lowed in sev­enth (27:51.89), fresh­man Ryan Chute took eighth (28:03.60), senior Brian Reynolds was ninth (28:08.88) and fresh­man Josh Kyser claimed tenth place (28:09.70).

“Both the younger guys and the older guys did well for us today. I was pretty happy with all the guys and the per­for­mance they had,” said Picucci.

This year, The Bulldog Invitational was renamed to honor for­mer coach Ray Helsing, who led cross coun­try and track and field at Ferris from 1968–82. Helsing was also inducted into the Bulldog Athletics Hall of Fame in 2001.Helsing also coached more All-Americans than any coach in Ferris State his­tory. This year also was the 34th run­ning of the Bulldog Invitational, which first started in 1971 and was later restarted in 1976.

Both the men and women cross coun­try teams are next sched­uled to par­tic­i­pate in the Wisconsin-Parkside Lucian Rosa Open on Oct. 10, in Kenosha, Wis.


OTR: Crime Cruising Through FSU

Published: Sep 23, 2009

A round up of this week’s crime across the FSU campus

Dorm Room Party

On Sept. 13, offi­cers were called to Brophy Hall in ref­er­ence to a party. Numerous sub­jects were found to be Minors of Possession of alco­hol. Six sub­jects were cited and given appear­ance tick­ets. They were referred to the Office of Student Conduct.

Over the Limit

On Sept. 13 at 1:40 p.m., offi­cers were on patrol near State and Maple Street. They observed a vehi­cle trav­el­ing at a high speed. The dri­ver was found to be OWI (oper­at­ing while intox­i­cated). The sub­ject was lodged in the County Sheriff’s Department.

MIP in Miller

On Sept. 12, offi­cers were dis­patched to Miller Hall on a check of well-being com­plaint. A sub­ject was found to be MIP (minor in possession).

Stolen Electronics

On Sept. 11 at 4:34 p.m., offi­cers were called to Lot 4 for a lar­ceny from a vehi­cle com­plaint. The sub­ject advised that numer­ous elec­tronic items were stolen from his vehi­cle. The vehi­cle was parked the day before. No sus­pects. Investigation continues.

Temper Tantrum in Timme

On Sept. 10 at 3:50 p.m., offi­cers were dis­patched to the Timme Center on a dis­or­derly com­plaint. The com­plainant stated that there were sev­eral peo­ple yelling because they were upset. Officers found three sub­jects and referred them to the Office of Student Conduct.

Child Unsupervised

On Sept. 10 at 5:00 p.m., offi­cers were called to Lot 65 in ref­er­ence to a child being alone in a van. Upon arrival the child was not in the van or the sur­round­ing area. A short time later, the sub­ject was located and stated that they had gone to a neighbor’s house after school because they were locked out of their home.

Ticket Totals: From Sept. 10 through 17 pub­lic safety iden­ti­fied 754 vio­la­tors. Each vio­la­tor was tick­eted for a total of $13,655. Actual amount depends on whether the ticket was paid, voided, or reduced.


Jennifer’s Body

by Published: Sep 23, 2009

Photo Courtesy of MCT CampusMegan Fox in “Jennifer’s Body” as Jennifer, a friendly girl turned mys­te­ri­ous, demonic, boy-killer.

Satanic rit­u­als, demonic trans­fer­ences, thriv­ing off of human blood to stay full; “Jennifer’s Body” is not really what I expected.

Why did Megan Fox and Amanda Seyfried take on a movie like this? I mean, from their hit movies “Transformers” and “Mamma Mia” to a movie line about a girl killing boys?

Maybe this movie will be big because of that, but I wasn’t too impressed. It’s the typ­i­cal movie where I knew how it ended. I can’t deny the great act­ing from the two young stars, but this is not the type of movie I see them doing.

Fox plays Jennifer Check, the girl every­one wants to be friends with. Seyfried plays Jennifer’s best friend, Needy Lesnicky. After a night out to a tav­ern, Jennifer goes with a mys­te­ri­ous band and is used for a satanic rit­ual. Next thing Needy knows, Jennifer is killing their school’s boys for their blood to stay full, healthy, and beautiful.

The graph­ics are okay, the gore is not bad, but the gen­eral sto­ry­line was pretty lame. The good girl into a demonic killer reminds me of a “Carrie”/”The Exorcist” mix.

Not to men­tion what hap­pens at the end; I wasn’t expect­ing what hap­pens, I’ll admit, but it still fol­lows the sto­ry­line of a lot of hor­ror movies. I want some­thing new that I didn’t see com­ing. I did like how it was put together though because it made me ask myself ques­tions like, “How’d this happen?”

I liked the actors in this movie so I fig­ured I’d take a risk and go see this one, as I did with “Whiteout,” but I didn’t have the same reac­tion. It’s a typ­i­cal hor­ror movie, but with more sex­ual innu­en­dos. If you like that mix, the movie is all yours.


Imogen Heap: Ellipse

by Published: Sep 23, 2009

An album ripped straight from the imag­i­na­tion of its quirky cre­ator, Imogen Heap’s “Ellipse” is a must listen.

“Ellipse” was released in late August by RCA/ Megaphonic and is Heap’s third major solo album.

What struck me the most at first was the huge vari­abil­ity between tracks. “First Train Home,” the first track on the album, has a great upbeat pop back­track which is melded with Heap’s light airy voice over the top.

The track “Canvas” has a dark drawn-out syn­thetic organ that mixes with her voice. Both the vocals and the back­track­ing on this song are dark, mys­te­ri­ous, and powerful.

My per­sonal favorite track on this album has to be “Wait it Out.” It starts out as a pseudo acapella piece, with her own voice in the back­ground singing some inter­est­ing sup­port­ing har­monies. The song also slightly show­cases her skill as a pianist. But the lyrics were what made me want to put the song on repeat.

“And lack­lus­ter, in dust we lay around old mag­a­zines. Fluorescent light­ing sets the scene for all we could and should be being in the one life that we’ve got.”

The song builds to a great crescendo and ends qui­etly with some ambi­ent sounds and syn­thetic har­mony with a sound that gives me a men­tal image of a warm pli­able alu­minum tube.

One of the great­est fea­tures of this album is that an instru­men­tal ver­sion of each track is included. This is per­fect back­ground music for read­ing or studying.

Compared to Heap’s pre­vi­ous two albums, this one has more radio playa­bil­ity. Many of the songs are sim­ple, fast-paced, and inter­est­ing lyri­cally. I think that Heap may dis­ap­point some of her long time fans though, as the con­struc­tion of some of the tracks lacks the com­plex­ity of those in her pre­vi­ous albums. This is par­tic­u­larly appar­ent in the vocals.

Overall, this is an excel­lent album. I would rec­om­mend it to any­one and espe­cially to musi­cians who can appre­ci­ate some of the less appar­ent aspects. I would warn long-time fans though to be pre­pared for a poten­tial let-down, as “Ellipse” is a lit­tle less com­plex com­pared to her last album. “Speak for Yourself.”


Back in Action

by Published: Sep 23, 2009

Men’s club vol­ley­ball team has held try­outs and is set for a new season

Photo By: Kate Dupon | PhotographerMen’s club vol­ley­ball held try­outs to pre­pare for this sea­son, which will mark their fifth year as a club sports team at Ferris.

After not com­pet­ing against other schools last year, the men’s club vol­ley­ball team is back and ready to begin the 2009 season.

In 2008, the club vol­ley­ball team did not even play. The team never got started and was unable to work out try­out and sched­ul­ing issues. Team pres­i­dent Brian Stohl said the team has been in exis­tence less than five years.

“Last year noth­ing got started, but we had been going for three years before then,” said Stohl.

Stohl, a sopho­more, has been play­ing vol­ley­ball since he was 12 years old. He is from Parker, Colo., where he won three state cham­pi­onships at Chaparral High School.

The team con­ducted two try­out ses­sions over the past week at the vol­ley­ball arena in the sports com­plex. Co-captain and advi­sor, Justin Scheidt, said the team will have between 18 and 20 play­ers this sea­son. The team will be split into an A team and B team, with nine or 10 play­ers on each squad.

Club sports at Ferris are on a “pay to play” basis. Each mem­ber of the club vol­ley­ball team has to pay $100, which goes toward the cost of jer­seys, equip­ment, and tour­na­ment fees.

The play­ers on the team vary in height, abil­ity, expe­ri­ence and age. Justin Scheidt, co-captain and advi­sor, said the team def­i­nitely has poten­tial and he is excited about the upcom­ing sea­son. He is eli­gi­ble to play on the team this year also.

“I still have one year of eli­gi­bil­ity some­how, so I’m going to play this year and help them,” said Scheidt.

Scheidt is in his sec­ond year as a geog­ra­phy pro­fes­sor at Ferris. He brings expe­ri­ence from the Division I level as he played for the University of Florida for three years and Michigan State University for two years. He also brings coach­ing expe­ri­ence to the team as well.

“I was the head coach at Great Lakes Christian College for two years before I came here,” said Scheidt.

The team has prac­ticed at both the University Recreation (UREC) facil­ity and at the vol­ley­ball arena in the sports com­plex this year. The try­outs were held in the sports com­plex and Scheidt is hop­ing the team will be able to play in the vol­ley­ball arena permanently.

“We hope to be here,” said Scheidt, “we’ve been in the UREC, but we worked a deal where we could get this.”

There is no reg­u­lar sea­son sched­ule for the club vol­ley­ball team. The team cur­rently has three tour­na­ments sched­uled, two at Michigan State and one at Central Michigan, with the hope of adding one at Indiana University. The Bulldogs’ first sched­uled tour­na­ment is Oct. 24 in Mt. Pleasant, Mich.

Tournament Breakdown

  • Range from 12 to 30 teams
  • Broken down into groups of 4 or 5 teams
  • Round robin style, not sin­gle elimination
  • The top two from each group advance
  • The Bulldogs play against schools such as Michigan State, Ohio State Central Michigan and Grand Valley State among others

Bookstore Not to Blame

by Published: Sep 23, 2009

Publisher has power to set prices

The Barnes and Noble book­store on the Ferris State University cam­pus is charg­ing stu­dents out­ra­geous prices for text­books, but it may not be the bookstore’s fault.

Last fall I expe­ri­enced my first encounter with the book­store on the Ferris State cam­pus. The bill for my books came out to be around $300. Thinking this was nor­mal, I pur­chased the books with­out a sec­ond thought.

A few days after I pur­chased my books I over­heard stu­dents talk­ing about how over­priced the books at the store were. When I asked them why, and they told me that new books online were about half the price of those in the bookstore.

Being a lit­tle con­cerned, but think­ing it was too late to do any­thing about it, I quickly for­got about the book­store cri­sis as I enthralled myself in school­work. When the sec­ond semes­ter came around I paid the out­ra­geous prices again, not think­ing twice.

This semes­ter, how­ever, is a lit­tle dif­fer­ent. Being in a tighter finan­cial sit­u­a­tion has made me pay closer atten­tion to the price tags on my text­books. I was shocked to find that buy­ing my books online cut my costs in half.

Students are not the only ones that are upset with the book­store. Several pro­fes­sors I have spo­ken with have expressed con­cern that the store does not seem to be a student-oriented place. Some pro­fes­sors have even gone so far as to tell the store they are over charg­ing stu­dents, but noth­ing has been done.

While some pro­fes­sors are look­ing out for the stu­dents’ pocket books, other pro­fes­sors actu­ally make their stu­dents pur­chase a text­book they authored. Everytime one of their books is pur­chased, they make a profit. These books are often harder to find online and would be avail­able only at the book­store. Are these pro­fes­sors look­ing out for their stu­dents or just try­ing to make more money?

At first, I was extremely upset with the book­store and thought their inten­tions were only to take advan­tage of the stu­dents, but after speak­ing with Jade Roth, Vice President of Barnes and Noble Booksellers, I came out with a new prospec­tive on book pricing.

Roth said that the pub­lish­ers set a base price for text­books that the store can do noth­ing to change. A mar­gin is then added to the cost so the book­store makes a profit. This profit is actu­ally smaller than I expected. Roth said that a por­tion of the profit made by the book­store is actu­ally given back to the school and put towards other pro­grams, as stip­u­lated in their contract.

Roth also said that the pro­fes­sors chose the books for their courses and some­times the store has no other choice than to go through an expen­sive pub­lisher because they are the only peo­ple that pub­lish that text. This poses the ques­tion about whether pro­fes­sors should look at how much the books they choose will cost their students.

Professors should be more con­sid­er­ate of the costs of their cho­sen texts. If a pro­fes­sor has a student’s inter­est at heart they would put in the extra time to research all the options avail­able and find a good book at a suit­able price.

Textbook com­pa­nies do research every year to make changes that pro­fes­sors say they want. Publishers often change only a few minor things about a text­book and often bun­dle the newer edi­tions with study guides and CD’s and raise the price even more.

Another prob­lem stu­dents are faced with is new edi­tions of books com­ing out every year. Publishers will also buy back the used text­books stu­dents sell at the end of the semes­ter so that there are less used ver­sions available.

It seems that the pub­lish­ers’ main goal is not to serve stu­dents, it’s to serve them­selves under the guise of serv­ing the pro­fes­sors, even though stu­dents are the consumers.

Also, if the pub­lisher decides to put out a new edi­tion for an upcom­ing school year, the cur­rent edi­tion is worth prac­ti­cally noth­ing when stu­dents go to resell it.

As a stu­dent in less than per­fect finan­cial cir­cum­stances, it mat­ters a great deal to me how much I pay for a text­book. My research and expe­ri­ence has shown me that cheaper options are avail­able to stu­dents who look for them and they are def­i­nitely worth inves­ti­gat­ing. I strongly believe that until pub­lish­ers and book­stores can work together to come up with a suit­able and afford­able price for text­books, stu­dents should seek other options vigorously.